Free Network Tutorials Posts

Here are sample static route configuration on Juniper routers such as MX and QFX series. 1.Configure IPv4 default route to next hop 192.168.10.3 set routing-options static route 0.0.0.0/0 next-hop 192.168.10.3   2.Configure IPv4 default route to next hop 192.168.10.3 via management port set routing-instances mgmt_junos routing-options static route 0.0.0.0/0 next-hop 192.168.10.3   3. Configure IPv4 for 192.168.0.0/16 range to Null interface (e.g. for BGP advertisement) set routing-options static route 192.168.0.0/16 discard   4. .Configure IPv6 default route to next hop…

Juniper

Here are sample static route configuration on Cisco IOS-XR routers such as CRS and ASR9000. 1.Configure IPv4 default route to next hop 192.168.10.3 (via Bundle-Ether1) router static address-family ipv4 unicast 0.0.0.0/0 Bundle-Ether1 192.168.10.3   2.Configure IPv4 default route to next hop 192.168.10.3 (via Bundle-Ether1) underr vrf management router static vrf management address-family ipv4 unicast 0.0.0.0/0 Bundle-Ether1 192.168.10.3   3. Configure IPv4 for 192.168.0.0/16 range to Null interface (e.g. for BGP advertisement) with 100 distance metric router static address-family ipv4 unicast…

Cisco

It is recommended to implement the separation of management and data/customer traffic in your Datacenter switches like  Cisco IOS and IOS-XE (e.g. ASR1000).  Traffic passing through the management plane should be exclusively for management or administrative access purposes only like SSH, SNMP, NTP and AAA. Here’s the recommended configuration or practices for these management services. Configure Authentication, Authorization and Accounting (AAA) -preferably to setup centralized TACACS+ to manage all your devices, some uses Cisco® Identity Services Engine (ISE) for central…

Cisco

It is recommended to implement the separation of management and data/customer traffic in your Datacenter switches like  Cisco IOS-XR devices (e.g. ASR 9000, CRS).  Traffic passing through the management plane should be exclusively for management or administrative access purposes only like SSH, SNMP, NTP and AAA. Here’s the recommended configuration or practices for these management services. Configure Authentication, Authorization and Accounting (AAA) -preferably to setup centralized TACACS+ to manage all your devices, some uses Cisco® Identity Services Engine (ISE) for…

Cisco

These are the some commands being used when performing network change or maintenance, depending on the features or services being run in the network. Typically, this is very useful in verification, troubleshooting and comparison between before and after the change. #Log Time set cli timestamp set cli screen-width 200 show ntp associations no-resolve | no-more show ntp status no-resolve | no-more ## Hardware Status show chassis hardware | no-more show chassis hardware clei-models | no-more show chassis hardware detail |…

Juniper

It is recommended to implement the separation of management and data/customer traffic in your Juniper devices (e.g. QFX Series Switches, MX Series).  Traffic passing through the management plane should be exclusively for management or administrative access purposes only like SSH, SNMP, NTP and AAA. Here’s the recommended configuration or practices for these management services. Configure Authentication, Authorization and Accounting (AAA) -preferably to setup centralized TACACS+ to manage all your devices, implement central network management that can impose security protocol to…

Juniper

It is recommended to implement the separation of management and data/customer traffic in your Datacenter switches like  Cisco Nexus devices (e.g. Nexus 7000, Nexus 9000).  Traffic passing through the management plane should be exclusively for management or administrative access purposes only like SSH, SNMP, NTP and AAA. Here’s the recommended configuration or practices for these management services. Configure Authentication, Authorization and Accounting (AAA) -preferably to setup centralized TACACS+ to manage all your devices, some uses Cisco® Identity Services Engine (ISE)…

Cisco

Fiber Optic Transceivers are wavelength-specific lasers that can convert electrical data signals into optical signals via optical fiber. It is basically a device that uses fiber optical technology in sending and receiving data. Here’s the classifications:   Based on form factors 1. XENPAK – original 10G pluggable optics using SC connector type 2. X2 -provides 10G connectivity up to 40km on SMF and successor of XENPAK. Also used SC connectors 3. GBIC -short for Gigabit Interface Converter, is a standard…

Datacenter Networking

Autonomous System or AS is a set of routable IP prefixes that belongs to a network or collections of networks managed by a single entity such as ISP, corporate network, university, etc. and maintain a single or common routing policy. Each AS has to be represented by unique number called Autonomous System Number or ASN to control and exchange routing information with others. Two formats of ASNs: 2-byte ASN (16-bit number) –> provides for 65,536 ASNS (0 to 65535) .…

Networking

Fiber Optic Cable Connectors provide alignment of microscopic glass fibers  used in fiber cables in transmitting high speed data.  These are the types of fiber optic cable connectors that you will come across in a datacenter. There’s few more that I excluded in the list as already obsolete and seldom use. 1. SC (Standard/Subscriber/Square Connector) -most popular type used in telecomm/datacomm industry for its durability, low-cost and simple installation. It uses locking tables and classified as push-pull connectors. -ferrule diameter…

Datacenter